Fatty Acids Routinely Measured by OmegaQuant and Norms

The following fatty acids are routinely measured in any sample type. If you need to measure other fatty acids, please contact us at info@omegaquant.com for a quote. Abbreviations: FA, fatty acid; HUFA, highly unsaturated fatty acid.

 

Shorthand Abbreviation Name
C10:0 capric acid
C12:0 lauric acid
C14:0 MA myristic acid
C16:0 PA palmitic acid
C16:1n7 PO palmitoleic acid
C16:1n7t t-PO trans palmitoleic acid
C18:0 SA stearic acid
C18:1n9 OA oleic acid
C18:1n9t t-OA trans oleic acid
C18:2n6 LA linoleic acid
C18:2n6t t-LA trans linoleic acid
C20:0 arachidic acid
C18:3n6 GLA gamma linolenic acid
C20:1n9 eicosenoic acid
C18:3n3 ALA alpha linolenic acid
C20:2n6 eicosadienoic acid
C20:3n6 eicosatrienoic acid
C22:0 docosanoic acid
C20:4n6 AA arachidonic acid
C24:0 lignoceric acid
C20:5n3 EPA eicosapentaenoic acid
C24:1n9 nervonic acid
C22:4n6 DTA docosatetraenoic acid
C22:5n6 DPAn6 docosapentaenoic acid n6
C22:5n3 DPAn3 docosapentaenoic acid n3
C22:6n3 DHA docosahexaenoic acid
EPA+DHA Omega-3 Index

 

Fatty Acid Norms – Plasma Total Fatty Acid Concentrations (ug/ml) from 653 US adults

Fatty Acid Mean Standard Deviation
C14:0 29.8 19.7
C16:0 718.0 261.3
C16:1n7 57.0 43.7
C16:1n7t 5.3 2.5
C18:0 241.2 64.1
C18:1n9 669.2 276.9
C18:1n9t 23.3 14.7
C18:2n6 1079.7 267.6
C18:2n6t 12.0 5.5
C20:0 4.2 1.7
C18:3n6 16.5 8.8
C20:1n9 4.7 2.1
C18:3n3 21.4 11.2
C20:2n6 9.1 3.4
C22:0 6.6 2.6
C20:3n6 55.7 21.4
C20:4n6 250.6 77.9
C24:0 5.9 2.5
C20:5n3 22.6 18.8
C24:1n9 8.9 3.8
C22:4n6 8.8 4.2
C22:5n6 6.6 3.4
C22:5n3 18.6 6.9
C22:6n3 63.6 29.0

 

Fatty Acid Norms – Plasma Total Fatty Acid Proportions (% of total FA) from 653 US adults

Fatty Acid Mean Standard Deviation
C14:0 0.85% 0.33%
C16:0 21.24% 1.96%
C16:1n7 1.59% 0.77%
C16:1n7t 0.16% 0.06%
C18:0 7.30% 0.76%
C18:1n9 19.6% 2.8%
C18:1n9t 0.69% 0.32%
C18:2n6 32.8% 4.3%
C18:2n6t 0.36% 0.11%
C20:0 0.13% 0.04%
C18:3n6 0.49% 0.19%
C20:1n9 0.14% 0.05%
C18:3n3 0.63% 0.22%
C20:2n6 0.27% 0.06%
C22:0 0.20% 0.08%
C20:3n6 1.67% 0.44%
C20:4n6 7.72% 2.14%
C24:0 0.18% 0.07%
C20:5n3 0.69% 0.56%
C24:1n9 0.27% 0.11%
C22:4n6 0.26% 0.10%
C22:5n6 0.20% 0.08%
C22:5n3 0.56% 0.14%
C22:6n3 1.96% 0.82%

 

Fatty Acid Norms – Red Blood Cell Fatty Acid Proportions (% of total FA) from 11,329 subjects

Fatty Acid Mean 99% Confidence Interval
C14:0 0.35% 0.12-1.02%
C16:0 22.91% 18.67-28.12%
C16:1n7 0.55% 0.10-2.94%
C16:1n7t 0.19% 0.02-1.55%
C18:0 17.83% 13.59-23.29%
C18:1n9 14.37% 11.07-18.67%
C18:1n9t 0.92% 0.38-2.23%
C18:2n6 12.21% 6.82-21.85%
C18:2n6t 0.45% 0.12-1.69%
C18:3n3 0.17% 0.05-0.60%
C18:3n6 0.12% 0.02-0.54%
C20:0 0.11% 0.05-0.27%
C20:1n9 0.22% 0.11-0.44%
C20:2n6 0.27% 0.15-0.50%
C20:3n6 1.53% 0.75-3.12%
C20:4n6 14.43% 9.73-21.39%
C20:5n3 0.97% 0.14-6.95%
C22:0 0.10% 0.02-0.44%
C22:4n6 14.43% 9.73-21.39%
C22:5n3 2.81% 1.44-5.48%
C22:6n3 4.63% 1.88-11.42%
C24:0 0.19% 0.05-0.73%
C24:1n9 0.17% 0.04-0.70%
Omega-3 Index 5.70% 2.01-16.18%
Total n-3 FA 8.77% 3.85-20.02%
Total cis monounsaturated FA 15.02% 11.52-19.60%
Total n-6 FA 32.56% 24.02-44.14%
Total saturated FA 41.62% 35.64-48.61%
Total trans FA 1.54% 0.72-3.29%
n-6:n-3 ratio 3.71 1.26-10.93
AA:EPA ratio 14.89 1.63-136.04
n-3 HUFA: total HUFA ratio 0.30 0.14-0.66

 

Fatty Acid Norms – Whole Blood Fatty Acid Proportions (% of total FA) from 7,599 subjects

Fatty Acid Mean 99% Confidence Interval
C14:0 0.7% 0.1-2.3%
C16:0 21.5% 17.6-27.1%
C16:1n7 0.9% 0.2-3.2%
C16:1n7t  0.1% 0-0.3%
C18:0 11.3% 8.1-14.6%
C18:1n9 19.4% 13.9-28.9%
C18:1t  0.6% 0.1-2.2%
C18:2n6  23.2% 14.3-31.6%
C18:2n6t 0.3% 0.1-1%
C18:3n3  0.5% 0.1-2%
C18:3n6 0.3% 0-0.7%
C20:0 0.3% 0.1-0.7%
C20:1n9 0.3% 0.1-0.9%
C20:2n6 0.2% 0.1-0.5%
C20:3n6 1.4% 0.6-2.6%
C20:4n6 10% 5.1-15.4%
C20:5n3 1.1% 0.1-6.6%
C22:0 0.6% 0.2-1.7%
C22:4n6 1.3% 0.3-2.6%
C22:5n3 1.2% 0.5-2.7%
C22:5n6 0.4% 0.1-0.9%
C22:6n3 2.9% 0.9-6.4%
C24:0 0.8% 0.2-2%
C24:1n9 0.8% 0.2-2.2%
Omega-3 Index 5.9% 2.7-15.1%
Total n-3 FA 5.7% 2.4-15.1%
Total cis monounsaturated FA 21.4% 15.6-31.5%
Total n-6 FA 36.7% 24.6-45%
Total saturated FA 35.2% 30-42.1%
Total trans FA 1% 0.3-2.9%
n-6:n-3 ratio 7.47 1.8-15.4
AA:EPA ratio 18.57 1.1-87