Blood Sugar Test
Blood Sugar Test
The HbA1c Test measures the amount of sugar (glucose) in your blood. When glucose builds up in the blood, it binds to a protein called hemoglobin. Testing your hemoglobin A1c level is a great way to gain insight into your body’s ability to metabolize glucose. View sample report >
The Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) test measures the percentage of A1c hemoglobin proteins that have glucose attached. The higher your blood glucose is on average, the more glucose there is attached to the hemoglobin A1c protein.
Your HbA1c level correlates to and reflects your average blood glucose over the past 3 months. A healthy HbA1c is below 5.7% and above 5.7% indicates chronic elevated glucose and warrants a discussion with a healthcare provider.
The pancreas secretes insulin when you consume carbohydrates and sends excess glucose to the liver as glycogen. The pancreases also produces glucagon, which actually raises blood sugar when necessary. You need both glycogen and glucagon to keep blood sugar levels balanced.
Some signs of high blood sugar include frequent urination, increased hunger and thirst, fatigue, blurred vision, tingling or numbness in the hands or feet, and unexplained weight loss.
Some of the signs of low blood sugar are an irregular or fast heartbeat, fatigue, sweating, irritability, and tingling or numbness on the lips, tongue and cheeks. In severe cases, hypoglycemia can also cause confusion, loss of consciousness, seizures and blurred vision.
Further, some medications and supplements may affect glucose levels such as antiretrovirals, sulfa antibiotics, high doses of certain vitamins, aspirin, or chronic opioid use. It is important to discuss your medications and medical history along with your test results with a healthcare provider.
Some examples of situations in which these tests are used:
- Diabetics checking their sugar level before/after a meal
- A pregnant woman at risk for gestational diabetes
- A person who is experiencing symptoms of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)/hyperglycemia (high blood sugar)
People with mild blood sugar issues, as well as prediabetics and Type 2 diabetics can manage their blood sugar by following a few key steps:
higher in fiber) to reduce blood sugar spikes, improve satiety, and increase digestion time.
effectiveness of insulin and reducing blood sugar long-term.
Optimize Your HbA1C Level in 3 Easy Steps
Supported by science.
Blood sugar levels start changing as soon as you change your diet and lifestyle.
Personalized recommendations based off your test results.
Samples are processed in our CLIA certified laboratory.
Sample analysis traceable to NIST.
Reference ranges show you how you compare to your peers.